C’est ce que reconnaît même Human Right Watch, une organisation à qui on ne saurait reprocher son parti-pris pour Israël, en ces termes:
Hezbollah’s attacks in Israel on Sunday and Monday were at best indiscriminate attacks in civilian areas, at worst the deliberate targeting of civilians. Either way, they were serious violations of international humanitarian law and probable war crimes. … In addition, the warheads used suggest a desire to maximize harm to civilians. Some of the rockets launched against Haifa over the past two days contained hundreds of metal ball bearings that are of limited use against military targets but cause great harm to civilians and civilian property. …
Par ailleurs, le Hezbollah fait l’objet d’une fatwa prononcée contre lui, pour d’autres raisons, par un saoudien wahhabite, laquelle fatwa dit en substance:
The support of this [Shiite] sect is not permissible, and joining under their command is not permissible, and you are neither permitted to pray for their victory and martyrdom. Our advice to the Sunnis is that they renounce [Hezbollah]… [who have shown] their enmity to Islam, Muslims, and their attacks both in the past and present on Sunnis. They try to profit as much as possible from the problems of the Sunnis… cunningly… If anyone joins them, then they should understand Allah’s verdict when he said, ‘those from among you who support them [the infidels] are in fact part of them.
Le schisme islamiste se creuse aussi au niveau politique. Le Hezbollah garde toutefois des alliés aux Nations Unies.
À lire et à méditer cette réflexion de Martin Kramer:
The point here is that Hezbollah is no longer the darling of Lebanese nationalism, and its recent conduct has made it increasingly look like something foreign. This is certainly the message that is being sent by leaders of most other factions in the country: that Hezbollah has usurped the power of decision-making on war and peace from the legitimately constituted government, and that it is acting outside the Lebanese national interest. The more Israel intensifies its attacks, the more that criticism is likely to spread–even among Shiites. I do not see the country rallying around Hezbollah. …
An independent Lebanon is incompatible with an extra-legal, extra-territorial status for any militia. This fact could be papered over before; now it is exposed for all to see.
Of course, no one faction in Lebanon is in a position to disarm Hezbollah, and neither is the government. Only Shiite opinion can achieve this. So it is up to Israel to demolish Hezbollah’s argument that its arms deter Israel. Israel must demonstrate the opposite: that Hezbollah’s arms invite Israeli attack, especially against Shiites. Only if the Shiites themselves realize this, and only if they become the main source of criticism of Hezbollah’s strategy, will Hezbollah feel compelled to modify it. This will not happen overnight; it could take months or years.
What is certain is that Lebanon is better prepared to confront its devils now than it was 10 or 15 years ago. There is a new generation that does not want to go back to the old days. It is they who will have to come out in the streets to make yet another Cedar Revolution–this time, one in which the Shiites have a predominant role.